"Ventilation Alone Is Not The Answer To Control Ammonia Gases In Confinements"

  • “Ammonia can kill a flocks health and performance at 20 ppm” Dr. Terick (DVM) University of Pennsylvania.
  • Ammonia levels cause health and performance problems by damaging the respiratory system.
  • Ammonia destroys the (cilia) hair-like projections in the trachea that traps and eliminates dust and airborne bacterial pathogens. The birds natural defense system is impaired, allowing viruses, mycoplasmas, and bacterial to cause infections that lead to declining bird health. Cost of high ammonia levels!
  • E coli is significantly increased in the lungs, air sacs and livers of birds exposed to ammonia.
  • Tracheal damage and subsequent E coli infection is not always detectable during grow out, but becomes apparent when condemnations show up at the processing.
  • Ammonia damages respiratory systems, weakening their defenses; specific disease conditions increase along with E coli infection.
  • Ammonia has its worst effect early in a flocks life.

(American society of Agricultural Engineers, American Journal of Veterinary Research, Poultry Science, Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory)